Aqaba, Jordan

Created by the Nabateans, Arab Bedouin tribes who came from Arabia almost 2,000 years ago, the fortress like city of Petra became an important and very rich stronghold by protecting passing caravans. Called the rose red city half as old as time, Petra was lost to the world for centuries, hidden in the mountains of southern Jordan. When the splendor of the Roman period passed the Bedouin took over once again. In 1812 a young Swiss explorer re-discovered Petra and it suddenly became known to the world.

Currency: Jordanian Dinar